I want to help people become more scientifically literate, so I wrote this guide for how a layperson can approach reading and understanding a scientific research paper.
For published articles, other people who made substantial contributions to the work are also listed as authors. Singh A, et al. Your labmates and collaborators are invaluable resources. Writing the scientific paper in the investigative lab.
Many funding agenices and scientific journals require authors of scientific papers to archive and share data utilized in their studies. After 3 days in darkness at 25oC, 4-mm hypocotyl segments were excised below the hook of the 3 cm long etiolated seedlings.
Ge Y, et al. Further observations on endemic fluoride-induced osteopathies in children. Fluoridation and bone disease in renal patients. Write one or more paragraphs to summarize the results for each experiment, each figure, and each table.
American Journal of Public Health Which of the current science fiction movies is the most plausible. Afternoons I often spent writing at my apartment or at the library on campus.
Annals of the New York Academy of Science There is no regular publication schedule. This section may also include background information about the problem such as a summary of any research that has been done on the problem in the past and how the present experiment will help to clarify or expand the knowledge in this general area.
The quantitative data collection methods rely on random sampling and structured data collection instruments that fit diverse experiences into predetermined response categories.
How can atom thick graphene be used to create new technologies. The bacteria were then incubated at 37 C for 24 hr. Do not present raw data. Study of the mechanism of neurone apoptosis in rats from the chronic fluorosis.
See abstract Shivarajashankara YMet al. Should we invest in further research and development. How are clouds formed. How can "smart clothes" be used to help medical patients. Always identify treatments by the variable or treatment name, NOT by an ambiguous, generic name or number e.
That was fine with me — as a fifth-year graduate student, I had learned to cope with, and even prefer, extreme independence. Fluoride complexes of aluminium or beryllium act on G-proteins as reversibly bound analogues of the gamma phosphate of GTP.
Through data analysis and interpretation new scientific information is generated. Progress and final reports typically are used directly by the sponsoring agency with limited distribution beyond the organization. See abstract Gilman AG If the research question is about people, participants may be randomly assigned to different treatments this is the only way that a quantitative study can be considered a true experiment.
Do the benefits of nanotechnology for medical uses outweigh the risks. Now, go back to the beginning and read the abstract. Examples from the scientific literature that illustrate material in various sections of a scientific paper.
Then inoculate the plates with the bacteria. Rheumatology International 21 1: Neurological complications of endemic skeletal fluorosis, with special emphasis on radiculo-myelopathy. The transition into interpretive language can be a slippery slope.
This title reports exactly what the researcher has done by stating three things: These participants presented themselves as volunteers via online advertisement on specialised ASMR interest groups on Facebook and Reddit.
Types of Scientific Literature While the research article is the workhorse of the scientific literature, it is by no means the only game in town. Presented below, in no particular order, is a brief list of some of the various types of written information that scientists may consult during the course of their work.
Henry Lai’s Research Summaries. These are invaluable sets of abstracts (data-based to be searchable) covering the RFR scientific literature, as well as collections of scientific abstracts on oxidative effects (from both RFR and ELF), and a set specific to Electrohypersensitivity.
Welcome to Research Scholar e-Journal. Research Scholar is an International peer-reviewed, open access, online journal, published quarterly (February, May, August, and November) and dedicated to the critical, scholarly studies of new and the established literature written in English.
Update (1/3/18) I’ve been overwhelmed with requests for the shorter guide, and the email address below no longer works. So I’ve uploaded a copy of the guide for anyone to download and share here: How to read and understand a scientific turnonepoundintoonemillion.com feel free to use it however you wish (although I’d appreciate being credited as the author).
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Providing readers with an accessible, in-depth look at how to synthesize research literature, Conducting Research Literature Reviews is. Paper Airplanes 1 M. Poarch – turnonepoundintoonemillion.com Name_____ Paper Airplanes & Scientific Methods.Scientific literature research paper